For original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), deciding whether to use cell assembly or assembly lines is crucial. It can determine the successfulness of their products. Choosing a too-costly method may make the product not profitable enough to last. On the other hand, selecting a manual process for a highly complex product could result in malfunctions. In this way, this decision can significantly affect production efficiency, product quality and cost-effectiveness.

At RiverSide Integrated Solutions (RIS), we determine which assembly method works best for each product we manufacture. We can help you delve into the complexities of both cell assembly and assembly lines. That way, you’re equipped with valuable insights to help you make an informed decision tailored to your manufacturing needs.


Cell assembly involves grouping workers into specialized cells responsible for assembling either a complete product or a subassembly. This approach is particularly effective when dealing with intricate or heavily customized products.


A significant advantage of utilizing cell assembly is its capability to quickly adapt to modifications in design or volume. This helps OEMs be more agile in the production process. This level of flexibility enables prompt

Assemblers at RIS work in individual cells to complete whole sections of products.

adjustments to meet the constantly evolving requirements of customers.

Moreover, cell assembly promotes specialization, enabling workers to concentrate on specific tasks and become proficient in their respective fields. This focused approach to assembly substantially enhances product quality by identifying and resolving potential defects and improving quality assurance.


Although cell assembly has benefits, there are some things to remember. It requires a more significant upfront investment because specialized equipment and worker training are needed.

Furthermore, the output is usually lower compared to assembly lines. This is because workers in each cell are responsible for assembling a complete product or subassembly. It can impact production volume and efficiency, particularly during periods of high demand.

An SMT assembly line at RIS, where PCBAs are placed into loaders at one end and are automatically sorted at the finish.


On the other hand, manufacturers use assembly lines for products with lower complexity. These products are ideal for conveyor belts, where each worker is assigned a specific task. This method is most effective for more straightforward products or high-volume production.


Assembly lines are known for their impressive output capacity. The constant flow of products along the line allows for a much higher volume of units.

Additionally, assembly lines require a lower initial investment as they need less specialized equipment and worker training. This makes them an attractive option for businesses with budget constraints. Assembly lines are also spatially efficient, taking up less room than cell assembly. This means the saved space can be used for other purposes or to expand production capacity.


Although assembly lines are efficient, they have certain limitations. Cell assembly provides greater flexibility compared to assembly lines.

However, reconfiguring the assembly line to adjust for changes in design or volume can be complex. The process may impede quick responses to fluctuations in market demands or product variations.

Additionally, repetitive tasks within assembly lines may lead to worker boredom and reduced attention to detail. Both of these things increase the likelihood of defects and impact product quality.


At RIS, we utilize both cell assembly and assembly lines to provide tailored solutions for our customers. To determine the best option for your needs, we suggest considering the following factors:

  • Complexity of Your Product: Our cell assembly services offer the flexibility and specialized expertise to meet requirements for your complex or customized product.
  • Volume of Production: Our assembly line services offer streamlined efficiency and cost-effective solutions for high-volume production.

And, of course, when in doubt, consult with experienced manufacturing engineers, like the ones we have at RIS!

The most effective way to choose between cell assembly and assembly lines is to consult our experienced manufacturing engineers. You can access our extensive manufacturing services and expertise by partnering with RIS. Our dedicated team will collaborate closely with you. We assess needs, recommend optimal assembly methods and ensure efficient, high-quality results.

Choose RIS for customized manufacturing solutions that drive your product’s success.

About RiverSide Integrated Solutions

RIS is an advanced contract manufacturer providing robust solutions in circuit board assembly and product assembly. We employ more than 350 people and provide services to OEMs worldwide. We operate two state-of-the-art manufacturing facilities within the US.

With all of the choices in contract manufacturers out there, we know it can be challenging to find someone who understands your business model and has your best intentions in mind. RIS has always proven to be a win-win-focused relationship.

As your one-stop shop, we have the capabilities, capacity, quality assurance standards and resources to support all of your manufacturing needs. We understand that supply chain management is complex and very time-consuming, so we urge our customers to utilize us in the fullest capacity.

Our total-package solutions include:

Contact us today at (507) 523-3220 to see how we can help with your manufacturing project, or click contact us for a quote.

Cell Assembly vs. Assembly Lines: Making the Right Choice for Your Product
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Cell Assembly vs. Assembly Lines: Making the Right Choice for Your Product
Make an informed decision between cell assembly and assembly lines for product manufacturing. At RIS, we offer expert guidance for our comprehensive services.
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RiverSide Integrated Solutions
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